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Zahradník Rudolf

Prof., Ing., DrSc., Dr.h.c.mult.
Born October 20, 1928 in Bratislava, † 2020

  • Physical chemistry, quantum chemistry
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (Founding member)
  • First President of LS 1994–1997

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1952, graduate, Institute of Chemical Technology in Prague;
  • 1956, CSc. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (CSAS), Prague;
  • 1968, DrSc. (CSAS);
  • 1967, Associate Professor, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University (FS CU);
  • 1989, Full Professor of physical chemistry, FS CU.

Employment and academic positions:

  • Head, Department of Applied Quantum Chemistry, J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry (HIPC), CSAS, a number of years; later head of the group on theory of chemical reactivity at HIPCl
  • 1990-1993, Director, J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic (AS CR);
  • 1993-2001, President, AS CR;
  • 2001, elected honorary president of AS CR;
  • 2001-present, resumed work in theoretical chemistry at Heyrovský Institute;
  • 1965-1990, visiting professor at eleven institutions: University of Giessen, University of Würzburg, Institute of Technology, Darmstadt, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, (all in FRG); University of Leipzig (GDR); University of Groningen, the Netherlands; University of Basel, Switzerland; University of Texas at Austin, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. (both USA); and University of Osaka, Sendai University (both Japan).

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies:

  • 1982, Member, International Academy of Quantum Molecular Sciences
  • 1982, Fellow, World Association of Theoretical Organic Chemists
  • 1992, Member, European Academy of Arts, Science and Literature (Paris)
  • 1994, Member, European Academy for Environmental Affairs
  • 1994, Corresponding member, Croatian Academy of Sciences
  • 1995, Founding member, Engineering Academy of the Czech Republic (Prague)
  • 1997, Member, European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Salzburg)
  • 2000, Member, Academia Europaea (London)

Notable awards:

  • 1946, Junák (Boy Scout) bronze cross (1939-1945)
  • 1987, Honorary member, Chemical Society of German Democratic Republic (GDR)
  • 1988, Honorary member, Swiss Chemical Society
  • 1989, Medal, Slovak Institute of Technology, Bratislava
  • 1990, J. Heyrovský Gold Plaque (for contributions to the chemical sciences)
  • 1992, Votoček Medal, Institute of Chemical Technology (Prague)
  • 1993, Dr.rer.nat.h.c., Technical University (Dresden)
  • 1993, Dr.h.c., University of Fribourg
  • 1994, Dr.h.c., Technical University of Pardubice
  • 1994, Gold Medal, SAS (for chemistry)
  • 1995, Gold Medal, Charles University (Prague)
  • 1996, Dr.h.c., Georgetown University (Washington, DC)
  • 1996, Marin Drinov Medal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • 1998, Dr.h.c., Charles University
  • 1998, Dr.h.c., Clarkson University (Potsdam, NY)
  • 1998, Medal, J.M. Marci Spectroscopical Society
  • 1998, Silver Medal, Capital City of Prague
  • 1998, State Award, Czech Republic (for contributions to scientific and social activities)
  • 1998, Honorary Citizen of City of Třeboň
  • 1998, Austrian Honorary Cross Class I (Vienna) (for the sciences and the arts)
  • 1999, Order „Pro ecclesia et pontifice,“ Pope John Paul II
  • 1999, Gold Medal, Slovak Chemical Society
  • 2000, Dr.h.c., Comenius University (Bratislava)
  • 2000, Honorary Member, Association of German Chemists
  • 2000, Josef Hlávka Medal
  • 2002, Dr.h.c., University of Waterloo (Canada)
  • 2002, Honorary Citizen of Capital City of Prague
  • 2003, Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (awarded by the Premier of the Government of the Republic of France)

Selected publications:

  • Zahradník R.: An Attempt of Calculating the Taft´s Constants s*. Nature 184, 1865 (1959)
  • Zahradník R., Chvapil M.: Study of the Relationship between the magnitude of Biological Activity and the Structure of Aliphatic Compounds. Experientia 16, 511 (1960)
  • Zahradník R., Michl J., Koutecký J.: Fluoranthene-like Hydrocarbons: MOLCAO Study of Electronic Spectra, Charge-transfer Spectra and Polarographic Reduction. J. Chem. Soc. 4998 (1963)
  • Zahradník R.: Electronic Structure of Heterocyclic Sulfur Compounds. Advances In Heterocyclic Chem., Vol. 5 (A. Katritzky, Ed.). Academic Press, New York 1965, p. 1
  • Zahradník R.: Elektronenstruktur und Eigenschaften nicht-alternierender Kohlen-wasserstoffe. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 4, 1039 (1965)
  • Čársky P., Zahradník R.: MO Approach to Electronic Spectra of Radicals. Topics Curr. Chem. 43, 1 (1973)
  • Čársky P., Zahradník R.:  Ab Initio Calculations and Absolute Rate Theory. Critical test for a Series of Elementary Gas-Phase Reactions. Int. J. Quantum Chem. XVI, 243 (1979)
  • Hobza P., Zahradník R.: Intermolecular Interactions between Medium-Sized Systems. Nonempirical and Empirical Calculations of Interaction Energies: Successes and Failures. Chem. Rev. 88, 871 (1988)
  • Fabian J., Zahradník R.: Auf der Suche nach tieffarbigen organischen Verbindungen. Angew. Chem. 101, 693 (1989); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 28, 677 (1989)
  • Zahradník R., Šroubková L.: Estimates of Quantum Chemical Molecular Characteristics for Complete Basis Sets. Isr. J. Chem. 2003

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Reaction to the case of Tomáš Hudlický: Members of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic support the freedom of expression

„We believe that free exchange of ideas is a key condition for the pursuit of truth and that the honest opinions should be scrutinized, challenged or rebutted but not censored or suppressed,“ say 45 members of the Learned Society in a statement regarding the retracted opinion paper by Prof. Tomáš Hudlický.


The letter by Jan Konvalinka to the President and Vice-Chancellor of the Brock University regarding the retracted article of Prof. Tomáš Hudlický

Opinions could and should be challenged, questioned or refuted but never silenced. In order to be able to think, we have to have the right to inquire, question and even offend or be mistaken,” writes Assoc. Prof. Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist at the IOCB Prague and the Vice-Rector of the Charles University, to Gervan Fearon.


Prof Miroslav Bárta receives the Česká hlava National Government Award

Learned Society member, Prof. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr. (Charles University Faculty of Arts) received the Česká hlava (Czech Head) National Government Award on 25 November 2019. A renowned Czech Egyptologist and archaeologist, Professor Bárta researches the history of ancient civilisations, the human relationship to the natural environment, and also for many years the evolution of complex societies. He leads the Czech Institute of Egyptology for archaeological and environmental research in Egypt and Sudan. His principal research interest is the period of the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom.