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Grygar Jiří

RNDr., CSc.
Born March 17, 1936 in Pruský Jindřichov
(Heinersdorf; now Dziewietlice)

  • Astronomy, astrophysics
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (Founding Member)
  • Member, Council of LS 1998-2002
  • President of LS 2004-present

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1954, graduated, eleven-year school, Brno-Husovice;
  • 1954-1957, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University;
  • 1957-1959, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University;
  • 1963, CSc., Institute of Astronomy, CSAS;
  • 1967, RNDr., CU

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1959-1962, post-graduate student, Institute of Astronomy CSAS, Ondřejov;
  • 1963-1980, scientist, Stellar Department, Institute of Astronomy, CSAS;
  • 1980-1991, scientist, Department of Low-Temperature Physics, Institute of Physics, CSAS, Řež;
  • 1991-present, scientist, Section of Elementary Particles, Institute of Physics, AS CR

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies:

  • 1991-1993, Chairman, Scientific Council, Grant Agency of AS CR
  • 1992-1998, Chairman, Czech Astronomical Society
  • 1993-2001, Member, Council for Sciences of AS CR
  • 1993-present, Vice-Chairman, Council for Promotion of Science of AS CR
  • 1998-present, Member, Steering Committee, Council of Czech Scientific Societies
  • 2004-present, Honorary Chairman, Czech Astronomical Society

Membership and positions in selected international organizations and societies:

  • 1967, Member, International Astronomical Union (IAU)
  • 1967, Member, IAU Commission 42 (Close Binaries)
  • 1972-1981, Member, IAU Subcommission on Bibliography of Close Binaries
  • 1972, Member, IAU Commission 27 (Variable Stars)
  • 1991, Founding Member, European Astronomical Society (EAS)
  • 2001-present, Vice-President, European Council of Sceptical Organisations (ECSO)

Notable awards:

  • 1983, Prize, Promotion of Science, CSAS
  • 1984, Prize, television series „Windows of the Universe Wide Open“, Czechoslovak Television
  • 1989, Honorary Member, Czechoslovak Astronomical Society
  • 1992, Kisch Prize for book Stopping Points in the Universe, Obec spisovatelů, Prague
  • 1994, Prize, Promotion of Science, AS CR
  • 1996, Asteroid No. 3336 designated „Grygar“ by IAU, Paris
  • 1996, Kalinga Prize, Popularization of Science, UNESCO, Paris-New Delhi
  • 1997, Prize, personage „outside the walls“, Masaryk University, Universitatis Masarykiana Foundation, Brno
  • 2001, Honorary Member, Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists
  • 2003, Littera Astronomica Prize, series of general articles, „Harvest of Discoveries“ (1966-2001), Czech Astronomical Society
  • 2003, Fischer lecture, Scientific Council of Palacký University, Olomouc

Selected publications:

  • D. Chochol, C. J. van Houten, K. K. Kwee, T. Pribulla, J. Grygar: Analysis of multicolour light curves of southern eclipsing binaries GW Car, V685 Cen, V742 Cen and V746 Sco. Contr. Astron. Obs. Skalnaté Pleso 33, 107 (2003)
  • R. Komžík, A. Ulla, D. Chochol, J. Grygar: Detection of the secondary minima in TX UMa. Inform. Bull. Var. Stars No. 5155 (2001)
  • P. Schovánek, J. Křepelka, M. Hrabovský, M. Palatka, M. Vlček, L. Soukup, L. Jastrabík, J. Řídký, J. Grygar, M. Boháčová: Optical filters designed for the fluorescence detector of the AUGER project with transmittance in the range of 300 nm to 420 nm. Proc. SPIE 4356, 213 (2001)
  • D. Chochol, J. Grygar, T. Pribulla, R. Komžík, L. Hric, V. Elkin: The expansion of the envelope of Nova V1974 Cyg and the distance problem. Astron. Astrophys. 318, 908 (1997).
  • J. Grygar: The role of space-based observations in astrophysical research. Amer. Inst. Phys Conference Proc. 245, 219 (1992)
  • J. Grygar, L. Hric, R. Komžík, Z. Šíma: Direct detection of the secondary spectrum of the interacting eclipsing binary TX UMa. Astrophys. Space. Sci. 185, 189 (1991)
  • J. Grygar: The phenomenon of novae in contemporary astrophysics. Scientia 116, 295 (1981)
  • J. Grygar, L. Hric, D. Chochol, A. Mammano: The symbiotic variable V 1329 Cygni (= HBV 475) - a decade after its discovery. Bul. Astron. Inst. Czechosl. 30, 308 (1979)
  • J. Grygar, M. L. Cooper, I. Jurkevich: Limb darkening problem in eclipsing binaries. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czechosl. 23, 147 (1972)
  • J. Grygar, J. Smolinski, J. B. Hutchings: The transition stage spectrum of Nova Serpentis 1970. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 83, 15 (1971)

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News

25.07.19

Luboš Perek is celebrating his 100th year

Founding fellow of the Learned Society and its doyen, astronomer doc. RNDr. Luboš Perek, DrSc, is celebrating his 100th birthday on 26 July 2019. He is an indelible part of history as the person who helped define cosmic space, he was the first to point out the issue of cosmic waste and was also a teacher to the most important Czechoslovak astronomers. Let us express our respect and admiration of the extraordinary scientific career of a person who worked tirelessly and continues to work. The Learned Society wishes Mr Perek health, optimism and joy in the oncoming years.

23.07.19

The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has appealed to the Hungarian President to support academic freedom

On Friday 19 July the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the Learned Society of the Czech Republic sent a letter to Hungarian President János Ánder, in which they state their concerns regarding the situation in respect to management and funding of scientific activities in Hungary. An act, according to which not the Academy of Sciences, but a thirteen-member political committee, will decide on research, funding of scientific activities and establishment or closure of scientific workplaces, will come into force on 1 September.

07.07.19

The loss of Learned Society Fellow prof. Josef Koutecký

We regret to inform that prof. Josef Koutecký, a fellow of the Learned Society, a renowned physician and the founder of paediatric oncology in this country, passed away on 5 July 2019 at the age of 88. He founded paediatric oncology here in 1964 and a separate paediatric oncology department was then established at the Faculty Hospital in Motol, Prague in 1978.