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Freudenberg Marina Alexandra

Prof. Dr. Med.
Born May 3, 1947 in Opava, Czechoslovakia

  • Immunology, innate imunity
  • Member of the Learned Society since 2017

Educational and professional preparation

  • Study of Medicine at the Charles University, Prague, Czechoslovakia and JW Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany (1965-1971)
  • Licence to practice medicine (1972)
  • Doctoral thesis (1972-1974): Albrecht Ludwig University Freiburg
  • Habilitation in Experimental Microbiology (1995), member of the fakulty of medicine, Freiburg (since 1995)
  • Extraordinary Professor at the Albrecht Ludwig University Freiburg (since 2001)

Employment and academic positions

  • 1972-2012 Max-Planck-Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Freiburg Germany as doctoral student (1972-74), postdoc (1974-81), research scientist (1981-92) and staff member (1992-2012)
  • 2003-2008 External Professor at the Medical faculty, University of Bari, Italy
  • 2012 International professorship (Governmental program „Science without borders“) at the Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Brazil
  • since 2012 Scientific member at the Institute of Microbiology AS CR, Prague, Czech Republic
  • since 2013 as Guest Professor at the Albrecht Ludwig University Freiburg (at the at the Center for Biological Signalling Studies (BIOSS) and Department of Pneumology, University Medical Center)

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies

  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Immunologie

Notable awards

  • Sheldon E. Greisman  Award 2016 of the International Endotoxin and Innate Immunity Society for substantial and original contributions which have led to an increased understanding of the interactions between microorganisms and innate immunity.

Selected publications

  • Freudenberg, M.A., Bøg-Hansen, T.C., Back, U., Galanos, C. (1980). Interaction of lipopolysaccharides with plasma high-density lipoprotein in rats. Infect. Immun. 28, 373-380.
  • Katschinski, T., Galanos, C., Coumbos, A., Freudenberg, M.A. (1992): Gamma interferon mediates Propionibacterium acnes-induced hypersensitivity to lipopolysaccharide in mice. Infec Immun 60: 1994-2001
  • Poltorak, A., Merlin, T., Nielsen, P.J., Sandra, O., Smirnova, I., Schupp, I., Boehm, T., Galanos, C., Freudenberg, M.A. (2001): A point mutation in the IL-12R_2 gene underlies the IL-12 unresponsiveness of the LPSd C57Bl/10ScCr mice. J. Immunol. 167: 2106-2111.
  • Freudenberg, M., Merlin, T., Kalis, C., Chvatchko, Y., Stübig, H., Galanos, C. (2002). Cutting Edge: A Murine, IL-12-independent pathway of IFN-_ induction by gram-negative bacteria based on STAT4 activation by type I IFN and IL-18 signaling. J Immunol 169: 1665-1668
  • Kalis, C., Kanzler, B., Lembo, A., Poltorak, A., Galanos, C., Freudenberg, M.A. (2003). Toll-like receptor 4 expression levels determine the degree of LPS-susceptibility in mice. Eur J Immunol 33: 789-805
  • Huber, M., Kalis, C., Keck, S., Jiang, Z., Georgel, P., Du, X., Shamel, L., Sovath, S., Mudd, S., Beutler, B., Galanos, C., Freudenberg, M.A. (2006). R-form LPS, the master key to the activation of TLR4/MD-2-positive cells. Eur J Immunol 36: 701-711
  • Martin, S., Dudda, J.C., Bachtanian, E., Lembo, A., Burghard, S., Liller, S., Dürr, C., Fejer, G., Vassileva, R., Freudenberg, N., Heimesaat, M.M., Bereswill, S., Termeer, C.C., Johner, C., Galanos, C., Freudenberg, M.A. (2008). Toll-like receptor and IL-12 signaling control susceptibility to contact hypersensitivity. J Exp Med 9: 2151-62
  • Tchaptchet S., Gumenscheimer M., Kalis C., Freudenberg N., Hölscher C., Kirschning C.J, Lamers M., Galanos C., Freudenberg M.A. (2012). TLR9-dependent and independent pathways drive activation of the immune system by Propionibacterium acnes. PLoS One 7(6): e39155
  • Fejer G., Wegner M.D., Györy I., Cohen I., Engelhard P., Voronov E., Manke T., Ruzsics Z., Dölken L., Prazeres da Costa O., Branzk N., Huber M., Prasse A., Schneider R., Apte R.N., Galanos C., Freudenberg M.A. (2013). Nontransformed, GM-CSF-dependent macrophage lines are a unique model to study tissue macrophage functions. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110 (24): E2191-8
  • Maler M.D., Nielsen P.J., Stichling N., Cohen I., Ruzsics Z., Wood C., Engelhard P., Schamel W.W.A., Gordon S., Jakob T., Martin S.F., Jahnen-Dechent W., Greber U,F., Freudenberg M.A., Fejer G. (2017). Key role of the scavenger receptor MARCO in mediating 1 adenovirus infection and subsequent innate responses of macrophages. mBio in press 

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Reaction to the case of Tomáš Hudlický: Members of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic support the freedom of expression

„We believe that free exchange of ideas is a key condition for the pursuit of truth and that the honest opinions should be scrutinized, challenged or rebutted but not censored or suppressed,“ say 45 members of the Learned Society in a statement regarding the retracted opinion paper by Prof. Tomáš Hudlický.


The letter by Jan Konvalinka to the President and Vice-Chancellor of the Brock University regarding the retracted article of Prof. Tomáš Hudlický

Opinions could and should be challenged, questioned or refuted but never silenced. In order to be able to think, we have to have the right to inquire, question and even offend or be mistaken,” writes Assoc. Prof. Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist at the IOCB Prague and the Vice-Rector of the Charles University, to Gervan Fearon.


Prof Miroslav Bárta receives the Česká hlava National Government Award

Learned Society member, Prof. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr. (Charles University Faculty of Arts) received the Česká hlava (Czech Head) National Government Award on 25 November 2019. A renowned Czech Egyptologist and archaeologist, Professor Bárta researches the history of ancient civilisations, the human relationship to the natural environment, and also for many years the evolution of complex societies. He leads the Czech Institute of Egyptology for archaeological and environmental research in Egypt and Sudan. His principal research interest is the period of the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom.